职称英语_理工类_理工(C)_知识点精做_六、完形填空_4

时间: 2020-08-22 20:38 来源: 网络 作者: 无忧题库


1. 共用题干 The Difference between Man and Computer
What makes people different from computer programs?What is the missing element that our theories don't yet1for?The answer is simple:People read newspaper stories for a reason:to learn more about2they are interested in. Computers,on the other hand, don't. In fact,computers don,t3have interests;there is nothing in particular that they are trying to find out when they read. If a computer4is to be a model of story understanding,it should also read for a“purpose”.
of course,people have several goals that do not make5to attribute to computers. One might read a restaurant guide6order to satisfy hunger or entertainment goals,or to 7a good place to go for a business lunch. Computers do not get hungry,and computers do not have business lunches.
However,these physiological and social goals give8to several intellectual or cognitive goals. A goal to satisfy hunger gives rise to goals to find9about the name of a restaurant which10the desired type of food,how expensive the restaurant is,the location of the restaurant,etc. These are goals to11information or knowledge,what we are call-ing12goals. These goals can be held by computers too;a computer13“want”to find out the location of a restaurant,and read a guide in order to do so14the same way as a person might. While such a goal would not15out of hunger in the case of the com-puter,it might well arise out of the“goal” to learn more about restaurants.
11._________ A: acquire B: ask C: require D: consult
答案:A
解析:此处考查对固定搭配的掌握情况,只有account能与for搭配,意为“解释”, 其他三个选项的词都是及物动词,不与介词搭配。所以答案为C。
分析全句,此处应填一个宾语从句的引导词,从句中缺少宾语,故应填 what,此句意为“去了解他们所感兴趣的东西”,其他三个选项均为关系副词,不能充当从句中的宾语。所以答案为C。
此处选B项even加强语气,意为“事实上,电脑甚至都没有兴趣”。
computer program是常见搭配,意为“电脑程序”,其他选项与句意不符,故排除。所以答案为A。
make sense是固定搭配,意为“有道理,合理,能被理解”。整句意为“当然人也有目标,但这些目标若被归在电脑身上便不合逻辑了”。所以答案为B。
in order to是固定搭配,表示目的,意为“为了……”,故选C。
结合上下文语义我们得知,此处应填具有“寻找”含义的词,watch没有此含义,首先被排除,C选项后若加上for,便符合文意,search有“搜寻,查找”的含义,但一般指深入彻底地调查,只有A项find在含义和语气上都符合句意。
从下一句便可找到答案为C项,give rise to意为“引起,导致,使发生”。
此处句意为“找到关于餐馆名字的信息”,其他选项放此处均不合适,故选D。
此处需填一个谓语动词,因此要弄清主语“餐馆”与宾语“食物”之间的关系,只有“餐馆供应食物”合乎逻辑,故答案为D项serves。
上文提到了种种人生理的、智力上的、认知的目标,因为饿所以需要获取有关餐馆的信息,因而此处要填“获取”,B,C,D与文意不符。所以答案为A。
此空依然承接上文的意思,那些目标都是获取信息的目标,都是学习的目标,答案为B项。
此处缺一个情态动词,阅读到后半句时便很容易选出答案,此处的might 与后面as a person might相呼应,表示不确定的推测,意为“可能,也许”。所以答案为B。
能与way搭配的介词一般只有in,表示“以……方式”,此处的含义为“与一个人可能想要做事的方式相同”。所以答案为D。
arise out of是固定搭配,意为“起于……”,即使不知道短语的含义,看到后面又出现一次 arise out of,也应可以选出答案为A。



2. 共用题干 The Difference between Man and Computer
What makes people different from computer programs?What is the missing element that our theories don't yet1for?The answer is simple:People read newspaper stories for a reason:to learn more about2they are interested in. Computers,on the other hand, don't. In fact,computers don,t3have interests;there is nothing in particular that they are trying to find out when they read. If a computer4is to be a model of story understanding,it should also read for a“purpose”.
of course,people have several goals that do not make5to attribute to computers. One might read a restaurant guide6order to satisfy hunger or entertainment goals,or to 7a good place to go for a business lunch. Computers do not get hungry,and computers do not have business lunches.
However,these physiological and social goals give8to several intellectual or cognitive goals. A goal to satisfy hunger gives rise to goals to find9about the name of a restaurant which10the desired type of food,how expensive the restaurant is,the location of the restaurant,etc. These are goals to11information or knowledge,what we are call-ing12goals. These goals can be held by computers too;a computer13“want”to find out the location of a restaurant,and read a guide in order to do so14the same way as a person might. While such a goal would not15out of hunger in the case of the com-puter,it might well arise out of the“goal” to learn more about restaurants.
13._________ A: could B: might C: should D: would
答案:B
解析:此处考查对固定搭配的掌握情况,只有account能与for搭配,意为“解释”, 其他三个选项的词都是及物动词,不与介词搭配。所以答案为C。
分析全句,此处应填一个宾语从句的引导词,从句中缺少宾语,故应填 what,此句意为“去了解他们所感兴趣的东西”,其他三个选项均为关系副词,不能充当从句中的宾语。所以答案为C。
此处选B项even加强语气,意为“事实上,电脑甚至都没有兴趣”。
computer program是常见搭配,意为“电脑程序”,其他选项与句意不符,故排除。所以答案为A。
make sense是固定搭配,意为“有道理,合理,能被理解”。整句意为“当然人也有目标,但这些目标若被归在电脑身上便不合逻辑了”。所以答案为B。
in order to是固定搭配,表示目的,意为“为了……”,故选C。
结合上下文语义我们得知,此处应填具有“寻找”含义的词,watch没有此含义,首先被排除,C选项后若加上for,便符合文意,search有“搜寻,查找”的含义,但一般指深入彻底地调查,只有A项find在含义和语气上都符合句意。
从下一句便可找到答案为C项,give rise to意为“引起,导致,使发生”。
此处句意为“找到关于餐馆名字的信息”,其他选项放此处均不合适,故选D。
此处需填一个谓语动词,因此要弄清主语“餐馆”与宾语“食物”之间的关系,只有“餐馆供应食物”合乎逻辑,故答案为D项serves。
上文提到了种种人生理的、智力上的、认知的目标,因为饿所以需要获取有关餐馆的信息,因而此处要填“获取”,B,C,D与文意不符。所以答案为A。
此空依然承接上文的意思,那些目标都是获取信息的目标,都是学习的目标,答案为B项。
此处缺一个情态动词,阅读到后半句时便很容易选出答案,此处的might 与后面as a person might相呼应,表示不确定的推测,意为“可能,也许”。所以答案为B。
能与way搭配的介词一般只有in,表示“以……方式”,此处的含义为“与一个人可能想要做事的方式相同”。所以答案为D。
arise out of是固定搭配,意为“起于……”,即使不知道短语的含义,看到后面又出现一次 arise out of,也应可以选出答案为A。



3. 共用题干 The Difference between Man and Computer
What makes people different from computer programs?What is the missing element that our theories don't yet1for?The answer is simple:People read newspaper stories for a reason:to learn more about2they are interested in. Computers,on the other hand, don't. In fact,computers don,t3have interests;there is nothing in particular that they are trying to find out when they read. If a computer4is to be a model of story understanding,it should also read for a“purpose”.
of course,people have several goals that do not make5to attribute to computers. One might read a restaurant guide6order to satisfy hunger or entertainment goals,or to 7a good place to go for a business lunch. Computers do not get hungry,and computers do not have business lunches.
However,these physiological and social goals give8to several intellectual or cognitive goals. A goal to satisfy hunger gives rise to goals to find9about the name of a restaurant which10the desired type of food,how expensive the restaurant is,the location of the restaurant,etc. These are goals to11information or knowledge,what we are call-ing12goals. These goals can be held by computers too;a computer13“want”to find out the location of a restaurant,and read a guide in order to do so14the same way as a person might. While such a goal would not15out of hunger in the case of the com-puter,it might well arise out of the“goal” to learn more about restaurants.
14._________ A: as B: on C: by D: in
答案:D
解析:此处考查对固定搭配的掌握情况,只有account能与for搭配,意为“解释”, 其他三个选项的词都是及物动词,不与介词搭配。所以答案为C。
分析全句,此处应填一个宾语从句的引导词,从句中缺少宾语,故应填 what,此句意为“去了解他们所感兴趣的东西”,其他三个选项均为关系副词,不能充当从句中的宾语。所以答案为C。
此处选B项even加强语气,意为“事实上,电脑甚至都没有兴趣”。
computer program是常见搭配,意为“电脑程序”,其他选项与句意不符,故排除。所以答案为A。
make sense是固定搭配,意为“有道理,合理,能被理解”。整句意为“当然人也有目标,但这些目标若被归在电脑身上便不合逻辑了”。所以答案为B。
in order to是固定搭配,表示目的,意为“为了……”,故选C。
结合上下文语义我们得知,此处应填具有“寻找”含义的词,watch没有此含义,首先被排除,C选项后若加上for,便符合文意,search有“搜寻,查找”的含义,但一般指深入彻底地调查,只有A项find在含义和语气上都符合句意。
从下一句便可找到答案为C项,give rise to意为“引起,导致,使发生”。
此处句意为“找到关于餐馆名字的信息”,其他选项放此处均不合适,故选D。
此处需填一个谓语动词,因此要弄清主语“餐馆”与宾语“食物”之间的关系,只有“餐馆供应食物”合乎逻辑,故答案为D项serves。
上文提到了种种人生理的、智力上的、认知的目标,因为饿所以需要获取有关餐馆的信息,因而此处要填“获取”,B,C,D与文意不符。所以答案为A。
此空依然承接上文的意思,那些目标都是获取信息的目标,都是学习的目标,答案为B项。
此处缺一个情态动词,阅读到后半句时便很容易选出答案,此处的might 与后面as a person might相呼应,表示不确定的推测,意为“可能,也许”。所以答案为B。
能与way搭配的介词一般只有in,表示“以……方式”,此处的含义为“与一个人可能想要做事的方式相同”。所以答案为D。
arise out of是固定搭配,意为“起于……”,即使不知道短语的含义,看到后面又出现一次 arise out of,也应可以选出答案为A。



4. 共用题干 Germs(细菌)on Banknotes
People in different countries use different types of money:yuan in China,pesos in Mexico,pounds in the United Kingdom,dollars in the United States,Australia and New Zeal-and. They may use different currencies,but these countries,and probably all countries,still have one thing in______(1):germs on the banknotes.
Scientists have been studying the germs on money for well over 100 years. At the turn of the 20th______(2),some researchers began to suspect that germs living on money could spread disease.
Most studies of germy money have looked at the germs on the currency______(3)one country. In a new study,Frank Vriesekoop and other researchers compared the germ populations found on bills of different______(4).
Vriesekoop is a microbiologist at the University of Ballarat in Australia. He led the stud-y,which compared the germ populations found on money______(5)from 10 nations. The scientists studied 1,280 banknotes in total;all came from places where people buy food,like supermarkets,street vendors and cafes,______(6)those businesses often rely on cash.
Overall,the Australian dollars hosted the fewest live bacteria一no more than 10 per square centimeter. Chinese yuan had the______(7)about 100 per square centimeter. Most of the germs on money probably would not cause harm.
What we call“paper money”_________(8)isn't made from paper. The U. S. dollar,for ex- ample,is printed on fabric that is mostly cotton. Different countries may use different______(9)to print their money. Some of the currencies studied by Vriesekoop and his team,such as the American dollar,were made from cotton. Others were made from polymers.
The three______(10)with the lowest numbers of bacteria were all printed on poly-mers. They included the Australian dollar,the New Zealand dollar and some Mexican pesos.
The______(11)currencies were printed on fabric made mostly of cotton. Fewer germs lived on the polymer notes. This______(12)suggests that germs have a harder time staying alive on polymer surfaces. Scientists need to do more studies to understand______(13)germs live on, mon-ey—and whether or not we need to be concerned. Vriesekoop is now starting a study that will______(14)the amounts of time bacteria can stay alive on different types of bills.
Whatever Vriesekoop finds,the fact remains:Paper money______(15)germs. We should wash our hands after touching it;After all,you never know where your money's been. Or what's living on it.
3._________ A: with B: within C: under D: outside
答案:B
解析:前文说了很多不同国家钞票的不同,最后一个转折,肯定是要说相同的地方。in common是固定搭配,意思是相同,共同。故选C项common。
选century最合理,意为20世纪之交。period(A项), year(B项)或decade (D项)都不合逻辑。故选C项century。
本段第二句提供了解答本题的线索。Frank Vriesekoop的研究与以前的科学家的研究不同,他比较了各国钱币上的病菌数量,在他之前的科学家的研究范围局限于一个国家的纸币。四个选项中只有within表达“在(一个国家)里”的意思。故选B项within。
经过第四题选词的思索过程,本题很自然在different之后用countries,指不同的国家。故选A项countries。
上一句说Vriesekoop比较不同国家纸币携带病菌的数量。本题的句子明确指出他对比的纸币涉及十个国家。四个选项中只有gathered(收集)与上下文的意思相匹配。故选D项gathered。
填词所在的句子与前面的主句存在因果关系。为什么要从食品店和食品摊收集纸币呢? 因为这些地方常要用现金支付。所以本题答案是A项because。
上一句中说澳元携带最少的细菌,本句与上一句是相对的,肯定是最多的,选A项most。
本句的句意是我们所说的纸币其实并不是由纸做的。所选的副词来修饰所说,给的四个选项分别是A项“相似地”;B项“简直不”;C项“轻微地”;D项“通常地”。所以选 D项usually合适。
本段说纸币的材料一般不是纸,通常是用棉花织物或高分子聚合物制作的。所以C项materials(材料、原料)是正确的。
前文说了不同国家的纸币携带的细菌数量不同,此处选B项货币最为合适。填入后全句意思就是:含细菌最少的三个国家的纸币……。故选B项c盯rencies。
the other+名词表示“其他的……”。其他选项从语法上无法与the搭配。此句意为:其他纸币大部分是印在棉织物上的。所以选D项other。
本句前面两句讲述了细菌在什么样的介质上更容易存活。承接下来的应该是对之前的总结。本句四个选项的含义分别为A项“连接”;B项“参与”;C项“表述”;D项 “估计”。C选项比较合适,填入后句意为:前面的表述说明细菌在聚合物表面不易存活。故选 C项expression。
科学家要研究细菌如何在纸币上存活。所以本句选how。 if(A项), where(B项), when(D项)都与文意不符。故选C项how。
on different types of bills(在不同的纸币上)说明是比较关系,所以本句要选compare“比较”。故选B项compare。
纸币和细菌的关系肯定是纸币携带细菌。“避免”(A项)、“杀死”(B项)和 “选择”(D项)细菌都不正确。所以选C项carries。



5. 共用题干 Germs(细菌)on Banknotes
People in different countries use different types of money:yuan in China,pesos in Mexico,pounds in the United Kingdom,dollars in the United States,Australia and New Zeal-and. They may use different currencies,but these countries,and probably all countries,still have one thing in______(1):germs on the banknotes.
Scientists have been studying the germs on money for well over 100 years. At the turn of the 20th______(2),some researchers began to suspect that germs living on money could spread disease.
Most studies of germy money have looked at the germs on the currency______(3)one country. In a new study,Frank Vriesekoop and other researchers compared the germ populations found on bills of different______(4).
Vriesekoop is a microbiologist at the University of Ballarat in Australia. He led the stud-y,which compared the germ populations found on money______(5)from 10 nations. The scientists studied 1,280 banknotes in total;all came from places where people buy food,like supermarkets,street vendors and cafes,______(6)those businesses often rely on cash.
Overall,the Australian dollars hosted the fewest live bacteria一no more than 10 per square centimeter. Chinese yuan had the______(7)about 100 per square centimeter. Most of the germs on money probably would not cause harm.
What we call“paper money”_________(8)isn't made from paper. The U. S. dollar,for ex- ample,is printed on fabric that is mostly cotton. Different countries may use different______(9)to print their money. Some of the currencies studied by Vriesekoop and his team,such as the American dollar,were made from cotton. Others were made from polymers.
The three______(10)with the lowest numbers of bacteria were all printed on poly-mers. They included the Australian dollar,the New Zealand dollar and some Mexican pesos.
The______(11)currencies were printed on fabric made mostly of cotton. Fewer germs lived on the polymer notes. This______(12)suggests that germs have a harder time staying alive on polymer surfaces. Scientists need to do more studies to understand______(13)germs live on, mon-ey—and whether or not we need to be concerned. Vriesekoop is now starting a study that will______(14)the amounts of time bacteria can stay alive on different types of bills.
Whatever Vriesekoop finds,the fact remains:Paper money______(15)germs. We should wash our hands after touching it;After all,you never know where your money's been. Or what's living on it.
4._________ A: countries B: areas C: regions D: provinces
答案:A
解析:前文说了很多不同国家钞票的不同,最后一个转折,肯定是要说相同的地方。in common是固定搭配,意思是相同,共同。故选C项common。
选century最合理,意为20世纪之交。period(A项), year(B项)或decade (D项)都不合逻辑。故选C项century。
本段第二句提供了解答本题的线索。Frank Vriesekoop的研究与以前的科学家的研究不同,他比较了各国钱币上的病菌数量,在他之前的科学家的研究范围局限于一个国家的纸币。四个选项中只有within表达“在(一个国家)里”的意思。故选B项within。
经过第四题选词的思索过程,本题很自然在different之后用countries,指不同的国家。故选A项countries。
上一句说Vriesekoop比较不同国家纸币携带病菌的数量。本题的句子明确指出他对比的纸币涉及十个国家。四个选项中只有gathered(收集)与上下文的意思相匹配。故选D项gathered。
填词所在的句子与前面的主句存在因果关系。为什么要从食品店和食品摊收集纸币呢? 因为这些地方常要用现金支付。所以本题答案是A项because。
上一句中说澳元携带最少的细菌,本句与上一句是相对的,肯定是最多的,选A项most。
本句的句意是我们所说的纸币其实并不是由纸做的。所选的副词来修饰所说,给的四个选项分别是A项“相似地”;B项“简直不”;C项“轻微地”;D项“通常地”。所以选 D项usually合适。
本段说纸币的材料一般不是纸,通常是用棉花织物或高分子聚合物制作的。所以C项materials(材料、原料)是正确的。
前文说了不同国家的纸币携带的细菌数量不同,此处选B项货币最为合适。填入后全句意思就是:含细菌最少的三个国家的纸币……。故选B项c盯rencies。
the other+名词表示“其他的……”。其他选项从语法上无法与the搭配。此句意为:其他纸币大部分是印在棉织物上的。所以选D项other。
本句前面两句讲述了细菌在什么样的介质上更容易存活。承接下来的应该是对之前的总结。本句四个选项的含义分别为A项“连接”;B项“参与”;C项“表述”;D项 “估计”。C选项比较合适,填入后句意为:前面的表述说明细菌在聚合物表面不易存活。故选 C项expression。
科学家要研究细菌如何在纸币上存活。所以本句选how。 if(A项), where(B项), when(D项)都与文意不符。故选C项how。
on different types of bills(在不同的纸币上)说明是比较关系,所以本句要选compare“比较”。故选B项compare。
纸币和细菌的关系肯定是纸币携带细菌。“避免”(A项)、“杀死”(B项)和 “选择”(D项)细菌都不正确。所以选C项carries。



6. 共用题干 Germs(细菌)on Banknotes
People in different countries use different types of money:yuan in China,pesos in Mexico,pounds in the United Kingdom,dollars in the United States,Australia and New Zeal-and. They may use different currencies,but these countries,and probably all countries,still have one thing in______(1):germs on the banknotes.
Scientists have been studying the germs on money for well over 100 years. At the turn of the 20th______(2),some researchers began to suspect that germs living on money could spread disease.
Most studies of germy money have looked at the germs on the currency______(3)one country. In a new study,Frank Vriesekoop and other researchers compared the germ populations found on bills of different______(4).
Vriesekoop is a microbiologist at the University of Ballarat in Australia. He led the stud-y,which compared the germ populations found on money______(5)from 10 nations. The scientists studied 1,280 banknotes in total;all came from places where people buy food,like supermarkets,street vendors and cafes,______(6)those businesses often rely on cash.
Overall,the Australian dollars hosted the fewest live bacteria一no more than 10 per square centimeter. Chinese yuan had the______(7)about 100 per square centimeter. Most of the germs on money probably would not cause harm.
What we call“paper money”_________(8)isn't made from paper. The U. S. dollar,for ex- ample,is printed on fabric that is mostly cotton. Different countries may use different______(9)to print their money. Some of the currencies studied by Vriesekoop and his team,such as the American dollar,were made from cotton. Others were made from polymers.
The three______(10)with the lowest numbers of bacteria were all printed on poly-mers. They included the Australian dollar,the New Zealand dollar and some Mexican pesos.
The______(11)currencies were printed on fabric made mostly of cotton. Fewer germs lived on the polymer notes. This______(12)suggests that germs have a harder time staying alive on polymer surfaces. Scientists need to do more studies to understand______(13)germs live on, mon-ey—and whether or not we need to be concerned. Vriesekoop is now starting a study that will______(14)the amounts of time bacteria can stay alive on different types of bills.
Whatever Vriesekoop finds,the fact remains:Paper money______(15)germs. We should wash our hands after touching it;After all,you never know where your money's been. Or what's living on it.
2._________ A: period B: year C: century D: decade
答案:C
解析:前文说了很多不同国家钞票的不同,最后一个转折,肯定是要说相同的地方。in common是固定搭配,意思是相同,共同。故选C项common。
选century最合理,意为20世纪之交。period(A项), year(B项)或decade (D项)都不合逻辑。故选C项century。
本段第二句提供了解答本题的线索。Frank Vriesekoop的研究与以前的科学家的研究不同,他比较了各国钱币上的病菌数量,在他之前的科学家的研究范围局限于一个国家的纸币。四个选项中只有within表达“在(一个国家)里”的意思。故选B项within。
经过第四题选词的思索过程,本题很自然在different之后用countries,指不同的国家。故选A项countries。
上一句说Vriesekoop比较不同国家纸币携带病菌的数量。本题的句子明确指出他对比的纸币涉及十个国家。四个选项中只有gathered(收集)与上下文的意思相匹配。故选D项gathered。
填词所在的句子与前面的主句存在因果关系。为什么要从食品店和食品摊收集纸币呢? 因为这些地方常要用现金支付。所以本题答案是A项because。
上一句中说澳元携带最少的细菌,本句与上一句是相对的,肯定是最多的,选A项most。
本句的句意是我们所说的纸币其实并不是由纸做的。所选的副词来修饰所说,给的四个选项分别是A项“相似地”;B项“简直不”;C项“轻微地”;D项“通常地”。所以选 D项usually合适。
本段说纸币的材料一般不是纸,通常是用棉花织物或高分子聚合物制作的。所以C项materials(材料、原料)是正确的。
前文说了不同国家的纸币携带的细菌数量不同,此处选B项货币最为合适。填入后全句意思就是:含细菌最少的三个国家的纸币……。故选B项c盯rencies。
the other+名词表示“其他的……”。其他选项从语法上无法与the搭配。此句意为:其他纸币大部分是印在棉织物上的。所以选D项other。
本句前面两句讲述了细菌在什么样的介质上更容易存活。承接下来的应该是对之前的总结。本句四个选项的含义分别为A项“连接”;B项“参与”;C项“表述”;D项 “估计”。C选项比较合适,填入后句意为:前面的表述说明细菌在聚合物表面不易存活。故选 C项expression。
科学家要研究细菌如何在纸币上存活。所以本句选how。 if(A项), where(B项), when(D项)都与文意不符。故选C项how。
on different types of bills(在不同的纸币上)说明是比较关系,所以本句要选compare“比较”。故选B项compare。
纸币和细菌的关系肯定是纸币携带细菌。“避免”(A项)、“杀死”(B项)和 “选择”(D项)细菌都不正确。所以选C项carries。



7. 共用题干 The Difference between Man and Computer
What makes people different from computer programs?What is the missing element that our theories don't yet1for?The answer is simple:People read newspaper stories for a reason:to learn more about2they are interested in. Computers,on the other hand, don't. In fact,computers don,t3have interests;there is nothing in particular that they are trying to find out when they read. If a computer4is to be a model of story understanding,it should also read for a“purpose”.
of course,people have several goals that do not make5to attribute to computers. One might read a restaurant guide6order to satisfy hunger or entertainment goals,or to 7a good place to go for a business lunch. Computers do not get hungry,and computers do not have business lunches.
However,these physiological and social goals give8to several intellectual or cognitive goals. A goal to satisfy hunger gives rise to goals to find9about the name of a restaurant which10the desired type of food,how expensive the restaurant is,the location of the restaurant,etc. These are goals to11information or knowledge,what we are call-ing12goals. These goals can be held by computers too;a computer13“want”to find out the location of a restaurant,and read a guide in order to do so14the same way as a person might. While such a goal would not15out of hunger in the case of the com-puter,it might well arise out of the“goal” to learn more about restaurants.
15._________ A: arise B: rise C: consent D: derive
答案:A
解析:此处考查对固定搭配的掌握情况,只有account能与for搭配,意为“解释”, 其他三个选项的词都是及物动词,不与介词搭配。所以答案为C。
分析全句,此处应填一个宾语从句的引导词,从句中缺少宾语,故应填 what,此句意为“去了解他们所感兴趣的东西”,其他三个选项均为关系副词,不能充当从句中的宾语。所以答案为C。
此处选B项even加强语气,意为“事实上,电脑甚至都没有兴趣”。
computer program是常见搭配,意为“电脑程序”,其他选项与句意不符,故排除。所以答案为A。
make sense是固定搭配,意为“有道理,合理,能被理解”。整句意为“当然人也有目标,但这些目标若被归在电脑身上便不合逻辑了”。所以答案为B。
in order to是固定搭配,表示目的,意为“为了……”,故选C。
结合上下文语义我们得知,此处应填具有“寻找”含义的词,watch没有此含义,首先被排除,C选项后若加上for,便符合文意,search有“搜寻,查找”的含义,但一般指深入彻底地调查,只有A项find在含义和语气上都符合句意。
从下一句便可找到答案为C项,give rise to意为“引起,导致,使发生”。
此处句意为“找到关于餐馆名字的信息”,其他选项放此处均不合适,故选D。
此处需填一个谓语动词,因此要弄清主语“餐馆”与宾语“食物”之间的关系,只有“餐馆供应食物”合乎逻辑,故答案为D项serves。
上文提到了种种人生理的、智力上的、认知的目标,因为饿所以需要获取有关餐馆的信息,因而此处要填“获取”,B,C,D与文意不符。所以答案为A。
此空依然承接上文的意思,那些目标都是获取信息的目标,都是学习的目标,答案为B项。
此处缺一个情态动词,阅读到后半句时便很容易选出答案,此处的might 与后面as a person might相呼应,表示不确定的推测,意为“可能,也许”。所以答案为B。
能与way搭配的介词一般只有in,表示“以……方式”,此处的含义为“与一个人可能想要做事的方式相同”。所以答案为D。
arise out of是固定搭配,意为“起于……”,即使不知道短语的含义,看到后面又出现一次 arise out of,也应可以选出答案为A。



8. 共用题干 Germs(细菌)on Banknotes
People in different countries use different types of money:yuan in China,pesos in Mexico,pounds in the United Kingdom,dollars in the United States,Australia and New Zeal-and. They may use different currencies,but these countries,and probably all countries,still have one thing in______(1):germs on the banknotes.
Scientists have been studying the germs on money for well over 100 years. At the turn of the 20th______(2),some researchers began to suspect that germs living on money could spread disease.
Most studies of germy money have looked at the germs on the currency______(3)one country. In a new study,Frank Vriesekoop and other researchers compared the germ populations found on bills of different______(4).
Vriesekoop is a microbiologist at the University of Ballarat in Australia. He led the stud-y,which compared the germ populations found on money______(5)from 10 nations. The scientists studied 1,280 banknotes in total;all came from places where people buy food,like supermarkets,street vendors and cafes,______(6)those businesses often rely on cash.
Overall,the Australian dollars hosted the fewest live bacteria一no more than 10 per square centimeter. Chinese yuan had the______(7)about 100 per square centimeter. Most of the germs on money probably would not cause harm.
What we call“paper money”_________(8)isn't made from paper. The U. S. dollar,for ex- ample,is printed on fabric that is mostly cotton. Different countries may use different______(9)to print their money. Some of the currencies studied by Vriesekoop and his team,such as the American dollar,were made from cotton. Others were made from polymers.
The three______(10)with the lowest numbers of bacteria were all printed on poly-mers. They included the Australian dollar,the New Zealand dollar and some Mexican pesos.
The______(11)currencies were printed on fabric made mostly of cotton. Fewer germs lived on the polymer notes. This______(12)suggests that germs have a harder time staying alive on polymer surfaces. Scientists need to do more studies to understand______(13)germs live on, mon-ey—and whether or not we need to be concerned. Vriesekoop is now starting a study that will______(14)the amounts of time bacteria can stay alive on different types of bills.
Whatever Vriesekoop finds,the fact remains:Paper money______(15)germs. We should wash our hands after touching it;After all,you never know where your money's been. Or what's living on it.
5._________ A: borrowed B: delivered C: designed D: gathered
答案:D
解析:前文说了很多不同国家钞票的不同,最后一个转折,肯定是要说相同的地方。in common是固定搭配,意思是相同,共同。故选C项common。
选century最合理,意为20世纪之交。period(A项), year(B项)或decade (D项)都不合逻辑。故选C项century。
本段第二句提供了解答本题的线索。Frank Vriesekoop的研究与以前的科学家的研究不同,他比较了各国钱币上的病菌数量,在他之前的科学家的研究范围局限于一个国家的纸币。四个选项中只有within表达“在(一个国家)里”的意思。故选B项within。
经过第四题选词的思索过程,本题很自然在different之后用countries,指不同的国家。故选A项countries。
上一句说Vriesekoop比较不同国家纸币携带病菌的数量。本题的句子明确指出他对比的纸币涉及十个国家。四个选项中只有gathered(收集)与上下文的意思相匹配。故选D项gathered。
填词所在的句子与前面的主句存在因果关系。为什么要从食品店和食品摊收集纸币呢? 因为这些地方常要用现金支付。所以本题答案是A项because。
上一句中说澳元携带最少的细菌,本句与上一句是相对的,肯定是最多的,选A项most。
本句的句意是我们所说的纸币其实并不是由纸做的。所选的副词来修饰所说,给的四个选项分别是A项“相似地”;B项“简直不”;C项“轻微地”;D项“通常地”。所以选 D项usually合适。
本段说纸币的材料一般不是纸,通常是用棉花织物或高分子聚合物制作的。所以C项materials(材料、原料)是正确的。
前文说了不同国家的纸币携带的细菌数量不同,此处选B项货币最为合适。填入后全句意思就是:含细菌最少的三个国家的纸币……。故选B项c盯rencies。
the other+名词表示“其他的……”。其他选项从语法上无法与the搭配。此句意为:其他纸币大部分是印在棉织物上的。所以选D项other。
本句前面两句讲述了细菌在什么样的介质上更容易存活。承接下来的应该是对之前的总结。本句四个选项的含义分别为A项“连接”;B项“参与”;C项“表述”;D项 “估计”。C选项比较合适,填入后句意为:前面的表述说明细菌在聚合物表面不易存活。故选 C项expression。
科学家要研究细菌如何在纸币上存活。所以本句选how。 if(A项), where(B项), when(D项)都与文意不符。故选C项how。
on different types of bills(在不同的纸币上)说明是比较关系,所以本句要选compare“比较”。故选B项compare。
纸币和细菌的关系肯定是纸币携带细菌。“避免”(A项)、“杀死”(B项)和 “选择”(D项)细菌都不正确。所以选C项carries。



9. 共用题干 Germs(细菌)on Banknotes
People in different countries use different types of money:yuan in China,pesos in Mexico,pounds in the United Kingdom,dollars in the United States,Australia and New Zeal-and. They may use different currencies,but these countries,and probably all countries,still have one thing in______(1):germs on the banknotes.
Scientists have been studying the germs on money for well over 100 years. At the turn of the 20th______(2),some researchers began to suspect that germs living on money could spread disease.
Most studies of germy money have looked at the germs on the currency______(3)one country. In a new study,Frank Vriesekoop and other researchers compared the germ populations found on bills of different______(4).
Vriesekoop is a microbiologist at the University of Ballarat in Australia. He led the stud-y,which compared the germ populations found on money______(5)from 10 nations. The scientists studied 1,280 banknotes in total;all came from places where people buy food,like supermarkets,street vendors and cafes,______(6)those businesses often rely on cash.
Overall,the Australian dollars hosted the fewest live bacteria一no more than 10 per square centimeter. Chinese yuan had the______(7)about 100 per square centimeter. Most of the germs on money probably would not cause harm.
What we call“paper money”_________(8)isn't made from paper. The U. S. dollar,for ex- ample,is printed on fabric that is mostly cotton. Different countries may use different______(9)to print their money. Some of the currencies studied by Vriesekoop and his team,such as the American dollar,were made from cotton. Others were made from polymers.
The three______(10)with the lowest numbers of bacteria were all printed on poly-mers. They included the Australian dollar,the New Zealand dollar and some Mexican pesos.
The______(11)currencies were printed on fabric made mostly of cotton. Fewer germs lived on the polymer notes. This______(12)suggests that germs have a harder time staying alive on polymer surfaces. Scientists need to do more studies to understand______(13)germs live on, mon-ey—and whether or not we need to be concerned. Vriesekoop is now starting a study that will______(14)the amounts of time bacteria can stay alive on different types of bills.
Whatever Vriesekoop finds,the fact remains:Paper money______(15)germs. We should wash our hands after touching it;After all,you never know where your money's been. Or what's living on it.
1._________ A: doubt B: danger C: common D: advance
答案:C
解析:前文说了很多不同国家钞票的不同,最后一个转折,肯定是要说相同的地方。in common是固定搭配,意思是相同,共同。故选C项common。
选century最合理,意为20世纪之交。period(A项), year(B项)或decade (D项)都不合逻辑。故选C项century。
本段第二句提供了解答本题的线索。Frank Vriesekoop的研究与以前的科学家的研究不同,他比较了各国钱币上的病菌数量,在他之前的科学家的研究范围局限于一个国家的纸币。四个选项中只有within表达“在(一个国家)里”的意思。故选B项within。
经过第四题选词的思索过程,本题很自然在different之后用countries,指不同的国家。故选A项countries。
上一句说Vriesekoop比较不同国家纸币携带病菌的数量。本题的句子明确指出他对比的纸币涉及十个国家。四个选项中只有gathered(收集)与上下文的意思相匹配。故选D项gathered。
填词所在的句子与前面的主句存在因果关系。为什么要从食品店和食品摊收集纸币呢? 因为这些地方常要用现金支付。所以本题答案是A项because。
上一句中说澳元携带最少的细菌,本句与上一句是相对的,肯定是最多的,选A项most。
本句的句意是我们所说的纸币其实并不是由纸做的。所选的副词来修饰所说,给的四个选项分别是A项“相似地”;B项“简直不”;C项“轻微地”;D项“通常地”。所以选 D项usually合适。
本段说纸币的材料一般不是纸,通常是用棉花织物或高分子聚合物制作的。所以C项materials(材料、原料)是正确的。
前文说了不同国家的纸币携带的细菌数量不同,此处选B项货币最为合适。填入后全句意思就是:含细菌最少的三个国家的纸币……。故选B项c盯rencies。
the other+名词表示“其他的……”。其他选项从语法上无法与the搭配。此句意为:其他纸币大部分是印在棉织物上的。所以选D项other。
本句前面两句讲述了细菌在什么样的介质上更容易存活。承接下来的应该是对之前的总结。本句四个选项的含义分别为A项“连接”;B项“参与”;C项“表述”;D项 “估计”。C选项比较合适,填入后句意为:前面的表述说明细菌在聚合物表面不易存活。故选 C项expression。
科学家要研究细菌如何在纸币上存活。所以本句选how。 if(A项), where(B项), when(D项)都与文意不符。故选C项how。
on different types of bills(在不同的纸币上)说明是比较关系,所以本句要选compare“比较”。故选B项compare。
纸币和细菌的关系肯定是纸币携带细菌。“避免”(A项)、“杀死”(B项)和 “选择”(D项)细菌都不正确。所以选C项carries。



10. 共用题干 The Difference between Man and Computer
What makes people different from computer programs?What is the missing element that our theories don't yet1for?The answer is simple:People read newspaper stories for a reason:to learn more about2they are interested in. Computers,on the other hand, don't. In fact,computers don,t3have interests;there is nothing in particular that they are trying to find out when they read. If a computer4is to be a model of story understanding,it should also read for a“purpose”.
of course,people have several goals that do not make5to attribute to computers. One might read a restaurant guide6order to satisfy hunger or entertainment goals,or to 7a good place to go for a business lunch. Computers do not get hungry,and computers do not have business lunches.
However,these physiological and social goals give8to several intellectual or cognitive goals. A goal to satisfy hunger gives rise to goals to find9about the name of a restaurant which10the desired type of food,how expensive the restaurant is,the location of the restaurant,etc. These are goals to11information or knowledge,what we are call-ing12goals. These goals can be held by computers too;a computer13“want”to find out the location of a restaurant,and read a guide in order to do so14the same way as a person might. While such a goal would not15out of hunger in the case of the com-puter,it might well arise out of the“goal” to learn more about restaurants.
12._________ A: understanding B: learning C: knowledge D: awareness
答案:B
解析:此处考查对固定搭配的掌握情况,只有account能与for搭配,意为“解释”, 其他三个选项的词都是及物动词,不与介词搭配。所以答案为C。
分析全句,此处应填一个宾语从句的引导词,从句中缺少宾语,故应填 what,此句意为“去了解他们所感兴趣的东西”,其他三个选项均为关系副词,不能充当从句中的宾语。所以答案为C。
此处选B项even加强语气,意为“事实上,电脑甚至都没有兴趣”。
computer program是常见搭配,意为“电脑程序”,其他选项与句意不符,故排除。所以答案为A。
make sense是固定搭配,意为“有道理,合理,能被理解”。整句意为“当然人也有目标,但这些目标若被归在电脑身上便不合逻辑了”。所以答案为B。
in order to是固定搭配,表示目的,意为“为了……”,故选C。
结合上下文语义我们得知,此处应填具有“寻找”含义的词,watch没有此含义,首先被排除,C选项后若加上for,便符合文意,search有“搜寻,查找”的含义,但一般指深入彻底地调查,只有A项find在含义和语气上都符合句意。
从下一句便可找到答案为C项,give rise to意为“引起,导致,使发生”。
此处句意为“找到关于餐馆名字的信息”,其他选项放此处均不合适,故选D。
此处需填一个谓语动词,因此要弄清主语“餐馆”与宾语“食物”之间的关系,只有“餐馆供应食物”合乎逻辑,故答案为D项serves。
上文提到了种种人生理的、智力上的、认知的目标,因为饿所以需要获取有关餐馆的信息,因而此处要填“获取”,B,C,D与文意不符。所以答案为A。
此空依然承接上文的意思,那些目标都是获取信息的目标,都是学习的目标,答案为B项。
此处缺一个情态动词,阅读到后半句时便很容易选出答案,此处的might 与后面as a person might相呼应,表示不确定的推测,意为“可能,也许”。所以答案为B。
能与way搭配的介词一般只有in,表示“以……方式”,此处的含义为“与一个人可能想要做事的方式相同”。所以答案为D。
arise out of是固定搭配,意为“起于……”,即使不知道短语的含义,看到后面又出现一次 arise out of,也应可以选出答案为A。




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